Growth Hormones Archives

Human Growth Hormone (HGH)

Growth is a very complex process, and requires the coordinated action of several hormones. Human growth hormone (HGH) is a protein hormone of about 190 amino acids that is synthesized and secreted by cells called somatotrophs in the anterior pituitary that promotes growth during childhood and adolescence. It is a major participant in control of several complex physiologic processes, including growth and metabolism.

Physiologic Effects of Human Growth Hormone (HGH)

A critical concept in understanding human growth hormone (HGH) activity is that it has two distinct types of effects:

- Direct effects are the result of growth hormone binding its receptor on target cells.
– Indirect effects are mediated primarily by a insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), a hormone that is secreted from the liver and other tissues in response to growth hormone.


Symptoms of Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Deficiency
It is estimated that 10,000 to 15,000 children in the United States have growth failure due to human growth hormone (HGH) deficiency. Symptoms of human growth hormone (HGH) reduction include increased body fat, increased anxiety, social isolation, poor general health, and lack of positive well being. HGH has been the supplement of choice for many professional athletes over the years.


Causes of Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Deficiency
Human growth hormone (HGH)is a protein that is produced by the pituitary gland and is vital for normal growth. Human growth hormone (HGH) deficiency exists when this hormone is absent or produced in inadequate amounts. If other pituitary hormones are lacking, the condition is called hypopituitarism. When all the pituitary hormones are missing, the child has panhypopituitarism.

Sometimes no cause for hypopituitarism can be identified, or if a cause is suspected, it may be difficult to prove. Researchers are trying to learn more about the causes of human growth hormone deficiency and hypopituitadsm.


Treatment of Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Deficiency
Human growth hormone (HGH) deficiency is treated with injections of growth hormone. Some children receive three of four injections a week, while other receive daily injections. The treatment of human growth hormone (HGH) deficiency usually is carried out over several years, until the child achieves an acceptable adult height or maximum growth potential is reached. It is important to remember that growth is a slow process that is measured over months; children who expect to grow overnight when they start treatment will be disappointed.

If testing disclose other hormone deficiencies, medications are available to replace them; thyroid hormone, cortisol and sex hormones can be administered easily when found to be lacking. It is important that these hormones are taken as directed, because normal growth can occur only when all hormones are present in the proper amounts. Good nutrition and adequate rest are important for normal growth in all children.

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Supplementation Benefits

Some of the benefits associated with Human growth hormone (HGH) supplementation include the reversal of common diseases associated with aging, improved brain activity and function, it strengthens connective tissue which reduces the probability of injury, incredible weight loss without any loss in lean mass, reduces wrinkles by rejuvenating the skin, it raises energy levels and brightens mood, promotes muscle growth, improves libido, improves functions of the lungs which increases the level of oxygen in the blood stream, provides immune system support and Thymus function, and probably the most impressive characteristic is, its ability to produce more muscle cells, something no steroid can do.

Human growth hormone (HGH) replacement in adults may have a beneficial effect on lipids. In a recent study, it was reported that short courses of Human growth hormone (HGH) reduced LDL (bad) cholesterol while it improved exercise capacity and cardiac function. Human growth hormone supplement given to children who suffer with abnormally slow bone growth to enable them to grow taller.

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Growth Hormones in Food

Meat and dairy products form the basis of many Western diets. In fact, the popular perception is that a portion of meat and two glasses of milk every day will ensure good bones and muscle mass. However, many people are unaware of what actually goes into the cartons of milk they get from the local supermarket, or the cuts of beef they grill on the barbecue.

The ugly fact of dairy and meat (especially beef) production is that many large producers are extensively using growth hormones to boost production. This is not a new issue, bovine growth hormones, used in the US to boost beef and milk production, have been the focus of debate for some time now. But although growing numbers of consumers and scientists have expressed concerns about potential human health risks of this practice, the USDA and FDA have approved the use of six hormone growth promotants (HGPs) in the cultivation of beef cattle, and one more hormone used to increase milk productivity. Only a few other countries have approved the use of HGPs, while many others have banned their use.

Controversy also surrounds the fact that there are no labeling requirements in the U.S. for growth hormones in food. A recent study making a strong environmental case for the controversial cattle injections, has added a new twist to the debate. The growth hormone debate is centred around four main issues: who benefits from these growth hormones; animal health and welfare; food safety and environmental concerns.

The History of Artificial Growth Hormones

Growth hormones in milk

Bovine somatotropin or BST is a hormone naturally secreted by the pituitary glands of cows. Traces of BST are found in the milk secreted by the hormone injected animal. BST is also poularly known as BGH, or bovine growth hormone. It interacts with other hormones in cows’ bodies to control the amount of milk they produce.

Scientists working for Monsanto, the agricultural giant, developed a genetically-engineered synthetic version of the hormone called recombinant bovine growth hormone or rBGH, that increased milk production by 10% to 25%. Approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1993, it was offered to interested farmers the next year. By 2008, a third of American dairy cows were being injected with rBGH.

Growth hormones in beef

The US cattle industry started using hormones to enhance beef produciton in 1956. They used DES (diethylstilbestrol) – which had been approved for use in beef cattle in 1954. In the 1970s, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved six hormone growth promotants (HGPs). These included three naturally occurring hormones – Oestradiol, Progesterone and Testosterone – and three synthetically prepared hormones – Zeranol, Trenbolone, and Melengestrol.

Growth hormones in veal

In 2004, the US veal industry was found guilty of injecting 90% of its calves with growth hormones. These hormones included all six HGPs approved for use in adult cattle only, bringing into focus the safety or side effects of injecting calves with hormones intended for heifers and steers over 700 lbs, a fact that has never been evaluated. It is suspected that these hormones may be metabolized differently in the young calf’s body which could lead to greater amounts of hormones consumed by people who eat veal.

Which Countries Allow Growth Hormones?

Milk — The use of growth hormones to increase milk production is approved for use in the US. However, it is not approved for sale in Canada or the European Union (EU).

Beef-- The use of hormonal growth promoters in beef cattle is an issue which has sparked much debate around the world. They are approved for use in Canada and the US. However, the use of hormonal growth promoters is banned in the EU.

How Are Growth Hormones Used?

Milk-- Lactating cows are injected with rBGH to increase their lactation period. This hormone interacts with other hormones in cows’ bodies to increase the amount of milk they produce.

Beef– The US FDA approved six hormone growth promotants (HGPs) including three naturally occurring hormones – Oestradiol, Progesterone and Testosterone – and three synthetically prepared hoemones – Zeranol, Trenbolone, and Melengestrol. These are implanted or injected into cattle in various stages of maturity. The FDA however, does not permit injecting calves with these hormones. The male hormone testosterone and its synthetic equivalent trenbolone acetate, and the female hormone progesterone including three synthetic derivatives zeranol , 17 beta-estradiol, and melengestrol acetate (MGA) are either implanted or injected into the cows. Melengestrol is a feed additive and is not injected, but added to the feedstock. Hormones are also said to help the animal improve its nutrient absorption. This translates into feedstock needed for the animal to reach its finish weight (market weight). Hormones help to improve meat quality by changing the deposition of fat, producing the lean meat that consumers desire.

How Growth Hormones Boost Production

Milk – Experts opine that there are two obvious benefits of the widespread use of rBGH:



The manufacturer benefits from the use of the hormones manufactured by the company.
Results in an estimated 12 per cent increase in the US milk supply

However, it is argued that the US did not need higher milk supply. It is said that since the l950s, America’s dairies have consistently produced more milk than the nation could consume, the surplus being bought up every year by the Federal Government to prevent the price from plummeting.

Beef-- Beef producers inject their cattle with growth hormones because they:



Improve meat quality by increasing the development of lean meat and decreasing fat content;
Increase feed efficiency, thereby allowing more growth with less feed;
Reduce costs for producers thereby reducing the price of meat and meat products for consumers.

The Canadian Animal Health Institute observes that the use of growth hormones benefits both producers and consumers.



Producers — With the animal growing larger and quicker on less feed, producers have lower feed costs and therefore lower inventory costs.
Consumers — Without the use of growth hormones, producers would experience higher costs. This would translate into higher prices for the consumer. In 2000, 500 g of lean ground beef in Germany cost about $4.60 while it cost about $3.19 in Canada for the same amount. That is a difference of 44%.

Animal Health and Welfare

rBGH hormone for milk production

Animals treated with the hormone are subjected to tremendous stress. For about 12 weeks after calving, a cow produces milk. During this process, the cow loses weight, is infertile and is more susceptible to diseases. As the milk output diminishes, the cow’s body begins to recover. By injecting a cow with rBGH, a farmer extends this milching period by eight to 12 weeks. Even as these hormone injections substantially increase the cow’s milk output, they also make her more susceptible to disease.

The US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) requires Monsanto to state on the labels of every shipment of Posilac (the name of the rBGH hormone), the 21 health problems associated with the use of the hormone. These include cystic ovaries, uterine disorders, decrease in gestation length and birth weight of calves, increased twinning rates and retained placenta.

Hormone injected cows are susceptible to mastitis — inflammation of the udder. Since a cow with mastitis produces milk with pus in it, something which is not acceptable to dairies (dairies check milk for high somatic cell count i.e. high proportion of pus), farmers give antibiotics to treat the ailing cows.

Growth hormone for beef production

There are serious concerns about health and welfare of animals in factory farms and those that are injected with growth hormones. Organisations such as the nonprofit Animal Welfare Institute, supports family farms and the humane treatment of animals and periodically check on them.

The place of injection and the gap between two points where the hormone injections have been given are very important. Places such as below the ear have significant muscle movement, causing the lesion to enlarge and the medication and irritation to spread beyond the site of original injection.

Growth Hormones and Health

rBGH hormone for milk production



Antibiotics given to cows to treat mastitis results in antibiotic residues in milk. Apart from causing health problems in those who drink this, it can lead to the development of antibiotic resistance amongst bacteria present in the person’s body.
Scientific studies link rBGH to cancer citing the fact that the presence of rBGH in the cow’s blood stimulates production of another hormone (Insulin-Like Growth Facto) in the cow and traces of it are found in its milk. Since this hormone is also active within humans, it can lead to uncontrolled cell division or cancer.

Growth hormone for beef production



Exposure to growth hormones in beef could be putting Americans at risk for infertility. A recent study found that women who routinely ate beef were far more likely to give birth to boys who grow up to have lower-than-normal sperm counts.
Hormone residues in beef have been implicated in the early onset of puberty in girls, which could put them at greater risk of developing breast and other forms of cancer.

Growth Hormones and Health rBGH hormone for milk production



Antibiotics given to cows to treat mastitis results in antibiotic residues in milk. Apart from causing health problems in those who drink this, it can lead to the development of antibiotic resistance amongst bacteria present in the person’s body.
Scientific studies link rBGH to cancer citing the fact that the presence of rBGH in the cow’s blood stimulates production of another hormone (Insulin-Like Growth Facto) in the cow and traces of it are found in its milk. Since this hormone is also active within humans, it can lead to uncontrolled cell division or cancer.

Growth hormone for beef production



Exposure to growth hormones in beef could be putting Americans at risk for infertility. A recent study found that women who routinely ate beef were far more likely to give birth to boys who grow up to have lower-than-normal sperm counts.
Hormone residues in beef have been implicated in the early onset of puberty in girls, which could put them at greater risk of developing breast and other forms of cancer.

Environmental Concerns

Hormone residues in cow manure enters the ecosystem. Manure from factory farms enters the soil in the area and the surface and groundwater in that area. Apart from impacting the gender and reproductive capacity of fish and the aquatic ecosystems, there are concerns about traces of growth hormones finding way into the food we wat, though there are no conclusive studies to support that.

There is another school of thought which advocates that using growth hormones is environmentally friendly and reduces greenhouse gases. They argue that by using growth hormones we can produce more milk using less land, feedstock, nutrients, greenhouse gases, excretion — translating into all round postive impact on the environment.” The same holds true for beef also, growth hormone supporters add.

Understanding Beef and Milk Labels

Conventional — These come without specialty designations. The cattle might have been fed corn and other grains on an industrial feedlot, even if it started out on grass. Grain is used in the place of grass as it is quicker and cheaper, and transates into a faster turnaround and higher profits. However, grains are tough on the digestive system of cows, and makes them vulnerable to sickness. The cows then require antibiotics. They are also routinely given growth hormones .

USDA Certified Organic – The cattle is raised on grass or grain-based feed that does not contain animal by-products. These animals are not given antibiotics (unless required by a veterinarian, and then the animal loses organic status) or growth hormones. To address animal welfare concerns, cattle are raised in conditions “which allow for exercise, freedom of movement, and reduction of stress appropriate to the species” and “access to pasture”.

Grass Fed or Pasture Finished – These cattle are raised only on grass or hay, no grain. Studies indicate that grass-fed beef contains higher levels of Omega-3 essential fatty acids than conventional beef.

No Hormones/No Antibiotics — The USDA allows this label for growers who provide documentation, but they do not check up on the claims. “Hormone free” and “antibiotic free” are not USDA approved designations and so are meaningless.

Animal Welfare Approved – A new seal instituted by the nonprofit Animal Welfare Institute ensures that the animals were raised on independent farms and were given seasonal access to the outdoors. It also assures the humane treatment of animals at all stages.

Natural. This does not really mean anything in regard to how the cattle was raised. The USDA’s policy is that all fresh meat is natural, and it can’t contain any artificial flavors, colorings, or preservatives.

Source: Growth Hormones in Food

Freelance writer specially in areas of sustainable living. Has 30 years experience in mass communications

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4 Ways To Increase Height

What is the best way to increase body height.
What is the most cost-effective.
Who are the resources that provide these services.
I would prefer professionals in the subject matter.

Asked by: ly097-ga

Hello–

I’ve researched your questions and have the answers.

A person’s height is determined by how our genes interact with the
environment. If you live in a healthy way, you will achieve your
greatest potential height. The most important things you can do are to
get plenty of sleep, exercise regularly, eat a well-balanced diet, and
avoid alcohol and drugs.

Your body will continue to get taller until the growth plates on your
bones close. People stop growing at different ages. You might stop
growing in your mid teens. Or you might continue growing into your
twenties. How tall you get is mainly determined by how long your long
bones are.

If you believe you are not as tall as you should be, you might have
have an absence of a growth hormone. Your doctor can run tests to find
out if you lack this hormone. It’s quite possible! I’ve found that
some symptoms of this loss of growth hormone include arthritis and a
severe changing of your facial features.

An article written by Oregon State University researchers states, “For
persons with a documented absence of growth hormone, administration of
this hormone can help them to acheive ‘normal’ stature, but this is
indicated only for persons clearly way below normal growth curves and
a documented (by lab tests) deficiency. Growth hormone given after
bones have stopped growing (for example at 22) would be more likely to
induce acromegaly. This is a disease seen in persons that secrete too
much growth hormone. The symptoms are significant corsening of facial
features, hyperplasia of joints and severe arthritis.”

If your doctor finds that your bones are abnormally short, this can be
corrected through a process called articial stretching. Your bones
will be broken and the bone parts will be attached piece by piece to
steel rods that can increase the length of your bones, and thus, make
you taller. This is said to have a high success rate but is painful.

You may read about PFFD, a syndrome in which bones don’t properly
grow. The link is http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/kainen/pffdproj.html

You may read one child’s story about PFFD at his web site. The link is
http://www.tum.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/

Basketball playerslimb lengthening. This web site sponsored by
Georgetown University, writes, “WHY SOME DOCTORS ARE AGAINST LIMB
LENGTHENING: There are many reasons for this. One is prejudice against
medical procedures from other countries. I’m not kidding. One doctor
told me “they” didn’t believe in anything from “foreign countries”. To
make things worse limb lengthening came from the former Soviet Union,
remember the cold war thing? Add to this the arrogance that American
medicine is superior because it’s American. When the Ilizarov Method
was first discovered there was some excitement and doctors quickly
began trying the procedure in the 1960’s without extensive training in
the method. When they didn’t get the results they wanted, American
doctors seemed to give up on the technique and decided it didn’t work.
Limb lengthening is a difficult and complicated procedure and when
done by an unskilled doctor or untrained in the procedure or in how to
deal with the complications, the results can be disastrous. Some
doctors are too arrogant, full of pride, or jealous to admit that
another doctor can help their patient and they can’t.

Doctors are human after all but, unfortunately, a few tend to
think they are more superior than the average human. Some doctors may
be prejudiced against the procedure. Another reason is they may
believe that you or the child’s particular case may have complications
that the doctor can’t surgically repair and if he can’t fix it then it
can’t be fixed, right? They may also be too skeptical or unsure of the
limb lengthening procedure that they won’t refer the patient to a
doctor experienced in limb lengthening. One important reason may be
you as a parent or the patient. Many doctors will follow your lead in
how you are dealing with the situation. It can depend on you. If you
are demanding to know all of your options they will give you that,
some will do so reluctantly. If you seem upset and can’t deal with the
situation, they will offer you the quickest and easiest solution
possible. For example, in an unrelated situation, a doctor was giving
a young boy who had very severe mental retardation a stronger dosage
of seizure medication than was needed in order to keep him heavily
sedated. The boys’ mother was complaining to the doctor that she could
never keep him awake. He finally told her that he was giving the child
more medication than was necessary to keep him sedated because some
parents wanted their child kept quiet and asleep. He assumed it would
be easier on her if her child was kept sedated and that she would want
it that way as well. By the way, judging by her raised voice, he
assumed wrong. Doctors not only consider the patients needs, they,
also, consider the family’s needs as well and they sometimes make
assumptions. The point is they could be following your lead on
deciding what treatment they will offer.

Not all doctors are bad, like not all mechanics are bad. Some do
wonderful work, care about the job and try to do what’s best for the
individual. Some try to get as much money as they can from you and fix
it where you have to return again and again. Some simply do mediocre
work because they don’t really care about the job or you, and yes,
some are bad and shouldn’t be in business.”

You may read this article directly. The link is
http://www.nls.net/mp/pffdvsg/vsg-for-understand.htm

Another typical treatment is the prescription of a growth hormone.
According to WebMD, a respected medical web site, a hormone “is a
substance released by an organ or tissue that controls the activity of
organs or cells in another part of the body.”

Further, WebMD, writes, “Test Overview. Human growth hormone (GH) is
produced by the pituitary gland. I
t is essential for growth and plays
an important role in how the body uses food for energy (a process
called metabolism). The amount of GH in the blood changes throughout
the day and is affected by exercise, sleep, emotional stress, and
diet.

Too much GH during childhood can result in excessive growth
(gigantism). Too little GH during childhood can inhibit growth
(dwarfism). However, gigantism and dwarfism can be treated if
discovered early.

In adults, excess GH is usually caused by a noncancerous tumor of the
pituitary gland called an adenoma. Excess GH can lead to an abnormal
bony enlargement of the face, jaw, hands, and feet (acromegaly).

Growth hormone can cause the release of other substances (factors)
that affect growth. One of these is insulin-like growth factor 1
(IGF-1). When the GH level is abnormally high, the IGF-1 level is
usually high as well. A test for IGF-1 may be done to confirm high GH
levels.

See an illustration of the pituitary gland.

This test is done on a blood sample taken from a vein. Two blood
samples (taken 1 day apart) may be collected.

Why It Is Done

A test for growth hormone (GH) is done to:

Determine whether a child whose growth is abnormal has dwarfism or
gigantism.
Help determine whether an adult has acromegaly, a condition usually
caused by a GH-secreting tumor of the pituitary gland (called an
adenoma).
Monitor treatment that involves use of GH.
How to Prepare

Fast and limit your physical activity for 12 hours prior to a test for
growth hormone (GH). Since physical activity can interfere with GH
test results, you may be asked to lie down and relax in a quiet room
for 30 minutes before your blood is drawn.

Certain medications can interfere with GH test results, such as
corticosteroids and estrogen (including birth control pills). Your
doctor may instruct you to stop taking these medications prior to this
test. Talk to your doctor about whether these medications need to be
stopped prior to the test.

Recent diagnostic imaging procedures using a radioactive tracer (such
as a thyroid scan or bone scan) can interfere with GH test results.
Inform your doctor if you have recently undergone any test that used a
radioactive tracer.

How It Is Done

Because the blood levels of growth hormone (GH) can change quickly,
more than one blood sample may be taken on different days.

The person drawing blood will wrap an elastic band around your upper
arm to temporarily stop the flow of blood through the veins of your
arm. This makes it easier to put the needle into a vein properly
because the veins below the band get larger and do not collapse
easily.

The site where the needle will be inserted is cleaned with alcohol,
and then the needle is inserted into the vein. More than one needle
stick may be needed if the needle does not get placed correctly or if
the vein cannot supply enough blood.

When the needle is properly placed in the vein, a collection tube will
be attached to the needle. Blood will flow into the collection tube.
Sometimes more than one tube of blood is collected.

When enough blood has been collected, the band around your arm will be
removed. A gauze pad or cotton ball is placed over the puncture site
as the needle is withdrawn. Pressure is applied to the puncture site
for several minutes and then a small bandage is often placed over it.

How It Feels

You may feel nothing at all from the needle puncture, or you may feel
a brief sting or pinch as the needle goes through the skin. Some
people feel a stinging pain while the needle is in the vein. However,
many people do not feel any pain (or have only minor discomfort) once
the needle is positioned in the vein. The amount of pain you feel
depends on the skill of the person drawing the blood, the condition of
your veins, and your sensitivity to pain.

Risks

There is very little risk of complications from having blood drawn
from a vein. You may develop a small bruise at the puncture site. You
can reduce the risk of bruising by keeping pressure on the site for
several minutes after the needle is withdrawn.

Rarely, the vein may become inflamed (phlebitis) after the blood
sample is taken. Phlebitis is usually treated with a warm compress
applied several times daily.

Continued bleeding can be a problem for people with bleeding
disorders. Aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), and other blood-thinning
medications can also make bleeding more likely. If you have bleeding
or clotting problems, or if you take blood-thinning medication, tell
the person before your blood is drawn.

Results

Normal

Normal results may vary from lab to lab.

Growth hormone

Men:
0–5 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL)

Women:
0–10 ng/mL

Children:
0–16 ng/mL

After physical or emotional stress (such as exercise or worry about
health problems), growth hormone (GH) levels are normally about 20 to
30 ng/mL.

Greater than normal values may mean

High growth hormone (GH) values may indicate gigantism or acromegaly.
These conditions are often the result of a noncancerous tumor in the
pituitary gland (adenoma).
Increased GH levels may also result from diabetes, kidney disease, or
starvation.
What Affects the Test

High levels of growth hormone (GH) can be caused by such medications
as amphetamines, estrogens (including birth control pills), levodopa
(Larodopa, Dopar), methyldopa (Aldomet), propranolol (Inderal), and
bromocriptine (Parlodel).
Low blood sugar can cause high GH levels.
Low levels of GH may be caused by chlorpromazine (Thorazine) and
corticosteroids.
Rough handling, contamination, or inadequate refrigeration of the
blood sample can cause inaccurate test results.
What to Think About

Newer, more sensitive tests are being developed to measure human
growth hormone (GH).
Since normal levels of GH can vary widely, other tests may be done to
confirm the results of a GH test. Additional tests can determine
whether low levels of GH (which can be normal) mean the pituitary
gland is not functioning.
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) blood levels are commonly
evaluated along with GH levels. A high level of IGF-1 along with a
high level of GH is almost always diagnostic of acromegaly. In this
case, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies should be done to
evaluate the pituitary gland. For more information, see the medical
test Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Head.
The growth hormone suppression test (also called the glucose loading
test) measures the level of GH in the blood before and after a person
drinks liquid containing a large amount of sugar (glucose). Normally,
the amount of GH drops to less than 1 ng/mL after drinking the
glucose. Levels of GH that remain high may indicate acromegaly.
The growth hormone stimulation test (also called the
insulin tolerance
test) measures the level of GH in the blood before and after insulin
is given through a vein (intravenously). Normally, the amount of GH
increases after the insulin is given (in children the level should be
more than 10 ng/mL; in adults it should be more than 7 ng/mL). A GH
level that does not increase may indicate a GH deficiency.
Credits
Author Renée Spengler, RN, BSN
Associate Editor Daniel Greer
Primary Medical Reviewer Adam Husney, MD
– Family Practice
Specialist Medical Reviewer Alan Dalkin, MD
– Endocrinology”

You may read about the growth hormone treatment at the WebMD web site.
At this site you can read about why the hormone is administerd, how
you prepare for the hormone, how it works, how it feels, the risks,
and the results. The link is
http://my.webmd.com/encyclopedia/article/4118.292

You may read a medical definition of hormone online. The link is
http://my.webmd.com/encyclopedia/article/4115.20758#sth149942

Health Library writes that any tonics or special potients to make you
taller are typically scams, “Most tonics to increase height are
unnecessary. You should really wait till the age of 20 before getting
unduly worried about the height of the child.”

You may read this section at the Health Library web site. The link is
http://www.healthlibrary.com/reading/yod/march98/small.htm

You can read a height chart to determine how tall boys generally are
at specific ages at a Kids Growth web site. The link is
http://www.kidsgrowth.com/stages/viewgrowthcharts.cfm?id=BH318

You can read a height chart to determine how tall girls generally are
at specific ages at the same site. The link is
http://www.kidsgrowth.com/stages/viewgrowthcharts.cfm?id=GH318

Information about kids growing up can be found on the Kids Growth web
site. The link is http://www.teengrowth.com/

A web site that lists several articles about risks and concerns with
the human growth hormone can be found at the Child Health Monitor web
site. The link is http://www.childhealthmonitor.org/HealthyHeadstart.php?HHID=7

You may read information on the Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction
Society. The link is http://www.asaminorthamerica.org/

Costs

Growth Hormones. Growth Hormones can be prescribed by a physician.
Typically these brand name drugs range from $150-$200 a month. If you
have insurance, these drugs will obviously be much less expensive,
depending on what your co-pay is.

Bone Lengthening

The cost of the bone lengthening procedure depends on the complexity
of the procedure and how many inches are required for growth. This
procedure can cost anywhere from $2,000 to $20,000, depending on the
overall health of the patient, the number of bones needed to be
broken, how many pieces the bones will be broken into, and how much
therapy is required afterward. This varies from patient to patient.

Proper Nutrition andExercise

This is by far the least expensive way to improve your height. If
you’re still growing, be sure to help your bones become as strong as
possible, so they’ll be as long and as tall as possible.

It’s important to note that I am not a physician and do not attempt to
offer medical advice. If you have questions about your specific
condition, please contact your physician.

To conduct this research, I searched the following terms: “increase
height” “medical treatment,” “how much” “growth hormone,” “growth
hormone” “prescription drug,” “bone lengthening” procedure

I hope this helps! Please let me know if you need any clarification.
I’m happy to help.

CNN Report: Parents giving their kids Growth Hormonesto make them taller. They make up some pretty good excuses too

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